Загорко Н.П., Петриченко С.В.  ТЕХНОЛОГІЯ ВИРОБНИЦТВА КОВБАСНИХ ВИРОБІВ, оn-line підручник / Кафедра ОПХВ імені проф. Ф.Ю.Ялпачика, 2018 р.

Однією з основних галузей м’ясної промисловості є ковбасне виробництво. Більша частина загального обсягу виробництва м’ясопродуктів реалізується у вигляді ковбасних виробів. На вартість м’ясної си­ровини припадає значна частка під час виробництва ковбасних виробів. Ефективність ковбасного виробництва залежить як від технології виробів і технічного оснащення виробництва, так і від його організації та раціонального використання сировини.

Ковбасні вироби – це м’ясні продукти з ковбасного фаршу в оболонці, чи без неї, піддані термічній обробці або ферментації та готові до споживання. В склад фаршу залежно від рецептури входять крім основної сировини (м’ясо, шпик), сироватка чи плазма крові, іноді сира кров, білковий стабілізатор, знежирене чи сухе молоко, яйце-продукти, прянощі, в якості зв’язуючих речовин – крохмаль, звичайний чи модифікований, борошно.

Розвиток ковбасного виробництва в Україні бере свій початок з X століття, тобто з часів князя Володимира. Саме давнє згадування про ковбасні вироби знаходимо у Гомера, в його знаменитій «Одіссеї»: «Козячі шлунки лежать там, на вугіллях: самі на вечерю для себе відклали ми, жиром і кров’ю наливши».

В сучасних умовах, підприємства України виготовляють понад 300 найменувань ковбасних виробів. Ковбасні вироби поділяють залежно від виду виробів та способу обробки на варені, напівкопчені, копчені (варено-, сирокопчені та сиров’ялені), фаршировані, сосиски та сардельки, ліверні ковбаси, кров’яні ковбаси, м’ясні хліби, паштети, зельці та студні.

Асортимент ковбас підбирають з урахуванням попиту населен­ня, найповнішого і найефективнішого використання сировини, наявного технологічного обладнання та отримання найбільшого прибутку від реалізації продукції.

Усі ковбасні вироби виготовляють відповідно до технічних умов, технологічних інструкцій і державних стандартів на кожен вид ковбасних виробів.

По харчовій цінності ковбаси не рівноцінні, тому що вони виготовлені за різними рецептурами, тобто включають різні продукти різної харчової цінності. То ж ковбаси можуть містити іо..«зо% білків, ю… 50% жиру. Кількість вологи в них може бути від 20% (сирокопчені та сиров’ялені) до 8о% (зельці). Тому і енергетична цінність їх коливається від 8оо кДж у варених ковбасах та зельцях до 2400 кДж у копчених ковбасах.


  1. No, I’m not particularly sporty priligy generico andorra * Hospitals across the nation are being swept up in thebiggest wave of mergers since the 1990s, a development that iscreating giant hospital systems that could one day dominateAmerican health care and drive up costs. Hospital executives saythey have little choice but to combine. Many hospitals arestruggling with lower payments from the federal government anddeclining patient admissions. They are also being confrontedwith changes in how they are paid under President Obama’ssignature Affordable Care Act and by private insurers. ()

  2. We work together prograf 1 mg capsule cost Because the Taiwan study noted a drop in the number of kids reporting smoking less than one cigarette daily or smoking cigarettes that someone else had purchased, Huang’s team believes the reduction in teen smoking was primarily among kids in the earliest stages of trying tobacco.

  3. I was born in Australia but grew up in England cefdinir 300 mg capsule price Well, the interesting thing is that it’s definitely not dumbed down for kids. We figured that if we were going to do this show, we were going to use the same level of ingredients and challenges as we do in “MasterChef” – and treat the kids, as much as possible, the way we would the adults. And I think we were able to do that, which is a big success.

  4. Could I borrow your phone, please? ursodiol side effects Egypt has reopened banks and the stock exchange as a statement the country is moving again, but multinationals like Electrolux, General Motors and Royal Dutch Shell have suspended operations, while German retailer Metro reopened today.

  5. Unquestionably believe that which you said. Your favorite reason appeared to be on the net the easiest thing to be aware of.
    I say to you, I certainly get irked while people consider worries that
    they plainly don’t know about. You managed to hit the nail
    upon the top and defined out the whole thing without having side-effects , people can take a signal.
    Will likely be back to get more. Thanks

  6. M.E.C Mon Electricien Catalan
    44 Rue Henry de Turenne
    66100 Perpignan

    Electricien Perpignan

    Hi there would you mind stating which blog platform you’re using?
    I’m looking to start my own blog soon but I’m having a tough time choosing
    between BlogEngine/Wordpress/B2evolution and Drupal.
    The reason I ask is because your design seems different
    then most blogs and I’m looking for something unique.
    P.S My apologies for being off-topic but I had to ask!

  7. Hello! Quick question that’s entirely off topic. Do you know how to make your site mobile friendly? My web site looks weird when browsing from my iphone4. I’m trying to find a theme or plugin that might be able to correct this issue. If you have any recommendations, please share. Appreciate it!|

  8. Thanks for the marvelous posting! I genuinely enjoyed reading it, you’re a great author.I will be sure to bookmark your blog and may come back down the road. I want to encourage you to definitely continue your great work, have a nice day!|

  9. Heya superb blog! Does running a blog such as this require a great deal of work? I’ve very little expertise in programming but I had been hoping to start my own blog soon. Anyhow, should you have any suggestions or tips for new blog owners please share. I understand this is off subject but I just had to ask. Thank you!|

  10. Great goods from you, man. I’ve understand your stuff previous to and you are just extremely great. I actually like what you’ve acquired here, certainly like what you’re saying and the way in which you say it. You make it entertaining and you still take care of to keep it wise. I can’t wait to read far more from you. This is actually a tremendous web site.|

  11. Hello just wanted to give you a quick heads up. The words in your content seem to be running off the screen in Internet explorer. I’m not sure if this is a formatting issue or something to do with internet browser compatibility but I thought I’d post to let you know. The design look great though! Hope you get the problem fixed soon. Many thanks|

  12. I loved as much as you will receive carried out right here. The sketch is tasteful, your authored material stylish. nonetheless, you command get bought an shakiness over that you wish be delivering the following. unwell unquestionably come further formerly again as exactly the same nearly a lot often inside case you shield this increase.|

  13. Woah! I’m really digging the template/theme of this blog. It’s simple, yet effective. A lot of times it’s challenging to get that “perfect balance” between superb usability and appearance. I must say you’ve done a very good job with this. Also, the blog loads extremely quick for me on Internet explorer. Excellent Blog!|

  14. Howdy terrific blog! Does running a blog similar to this require a great deal of work? I’ve virtually no understanding of programming however I had been hoping to start my own blog in the near future. Anyhow, should you have any recommendations or tips for new blog owners please share. I know this is off subject nevertheless I just had to ask. Thank you!|

  15. Have you ever thought about including a little bit more than just your articles? I mean, what you say is fundamental and everything. But think of if you added some great visuals or videos to give your posts more, “pop”! Your content is excellent but with images and clips, this site could certainly be one of the best in its niche. Terrific blog!|

  16. Do you have a spam issue on this website; I also am a blogger, and I was
    wanting to know your situation; we have developed some nice practices and we are looking to exchange solutions with others, please shoot me an email if interested.

  17. Howdy exceptional blog! Does running a blog similar to this take a large amount of work? I have very little knowledge of coding however I was hoping to start my own blog soon. Anyways, should you have any suggestions or tips for new blog owners please share. I understand this is off subject but I simply had to ask. Kudos!|

  18. Simply want to say your article is as astounding. The clarity in your submit is simply spectacular and that i could assume you are a professional in this subject. Well with your permission let me to clutch your RSS feed to stay up to date with forthcoming post. Thanks 1,000,000 and please continue the rewarding work.|

1 Trackback / Pingback


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.