1 Загальні відомості

Основною сировиною виробництва хлібопекарських виробів є борошно, вода, сіль, дріжджі, а допоміжним – цілий ряд продуктів (цукор, жир, яйця та ін.). Для зберігання цих продуктів на хлібопекарських підприємствах є спеціальні склади, а для переміщення сировини – різні транспортуючі пристрої.

Із сировини використовуваної для виробництва хліба, у найбільшій кількості витрачається борошно; тому велику частину складської площі (до 80%) займає борошняний склад (сховища для борошна) і більшість транспортуючих пристроїв призначених для переміщення борошна.

В даний час у хлібопекарському виробництві застосовують два способи зберігання і транспортування борошна: тарний (у мішках) і безтарний (насипом).

Безтарний спосіб застосовується на хлібопекарських підприємствах середньої і більшої потужності. Для безтарного зберігання борошна використовують склади відкритого і закритого типу. У першому випадку ємності для зберігання борошна встановлюють у закритому приміщенні, у другому – під легким навісом на відкритому повітрі. Рекомендується використовувати закриті склади.

Тарний спосіб застосовується на малих і середніх хлібопекарських підприємствах. Зберігають мішки з борошном у штабелях, кожна партія (сорт) окремо, у міру надходження при висоті укладання не більше 8-12 мішків.

Для транспортування борошна використовують різні механізми в залежності від способу зберігання борошна і застосовуваних установок.

При безтарному зберіганні борошно транспортують із млина на хлібозавод у спеціальних машинах – борошновозах і зберігають її в залізобетонних чи металевих силосах ємністю 15…50 т, розташованих у сховищах для борошна.

При тарному зберіганні на хлібозаводі борошно з млина транспортують на завод автомашинами і зберігають її в мішках, що укладаються в борошняних складах у штабелі.

Як показала практика, більш доцільні на хлібозаводах безтарні транспортування і зберігання борошна, тому що при цьому відпадає потреба в мішках, цілком можуть бути механізовані всі трудомісткі вантажно-розвантажувальні роботи.

Однак на хлібопекарських підприємствах малої потужності безтарне зберігання борошна економічно невигідно через великі капітальні вкладення.

Класифікація транспортуючих установок для борошна приведена на рис. 1.

Рисунок 1 Класифікація транспортуючих установок для борошна


  1. I can’t stand football fluticasone propionate nasal spray canada Bitcasa claims that it has no idea what you’re uploading, and it is one of the few cloud services that encrypt your files before they ever reach the server. But since there’s only one version of each file on Bitcasa’s servers, the contents of your folder that match other people’s files would contain the exact same encryption. That means it potentially wouldn’t be difficult for a hacker or perhaps law enforcement to identify everyone who owns a particular file.

  2. About a year mobicosa gel “Monsters, please encourage one another to be accepting and tolerant on the internet,” Gaga writes. “Any monster that is using hateful language and spreading negativity is not standing truly by me. I mean it. I’ve said this before and I’ll say it again. Set an example. Do not defend me this way, focus on the music, thats where my focus is.”

  3. In tens, please (ten pound notes) ciprofloxacin xr tablets “Although the governor strongly disagrees with the court substituting its judgment for the constitutional process of the elected branches or a vote of the people, the court has now spoken clearly as to their view of the New Jersey Constitution, and, therefore, same-sex marriage is the law,” his office said in a statement.

  4. Online Blackjack has become famous in an international quality.
    It has evolved from a simpole caqrd game tto game thuat involves money
    is played by millions of users online throughout globe for that extra greenback.

    With Live Blackjack, wwill not really require to know that the majority
    of the rules or the techniques as long as you remember the thing of the overall game is to outweikgh the dealper by you being closer to 21 than theirs.
    Remember not search over 21 as this will bust your
    hand, additionally lose straight away. As lojg whenever remember basic
    facts of the game, also it be best.

    Inform the crd dealer about your presence. Don’t worry, the ezugi live has an way of knowing
    in cases where a virtual player wants tto
    enrol the game or not, but you might want to make onne way move.You
    may makee a bet, or can perform press handle. It all depends on the rules off the casino blog
    site. The most important thing is yoou are acknowledged and treated love
    the regular roulette players.

    One of tthe highest quality reasons as to the reasons you ought
    to go through what is regarded among the top onliune guides
    iss aas a result of huge signup bonuses you’ll be able to get.
    You’ll never in a million years be capable off getting these enrol bonuses
    ought to you went straight to the gambling establishment.
    The types of things Setting up here includes FREE money being placed into your account, and an extensive amount of other bonus items.
    You will of course need to browse through various casino
    reviews to find something could be going
    appeal to you at the very least a tiny bit.

    Slot mzchines are witth doubt probably the most popular of casino video.
    All of the widely used slots situated in aany land-based caino could be found online, wikth more being added on any basis.

    Slot machine games come in a good many varietes with unique wild symbols,
    scatters boonus rounds and free spins. Most
    slot machines wilpl have 3 to five reels with 1 to 50
    pay-lines. Placing maximum bers on all pay-lines of a slot machine will greatly increase your chances of winning big money or just a jackpot.
    Slot mawchine game games are prewented in both download and flash versions
    but not in live dealsr adventures.

    In games of chance you will discover that the house edge
    is usually high. Games like Keno only payout
    50% to 75% belonging to thee money these people take in, making your
    property advantage 25% to 50%. There reeally isn’t much that you
    may do to control the house edge from a game of risk. The best that you can make for is songs whjich bets are
    the most advantageous ollowing hich avoid those “sucker bets” (the ones with successful high house

    The sign-up process takes less than 3 minutes and you will play promptly.
    You’d have tto fill in a number of details and prove you’re over 18 and
    lkve in UK.

  5. This is the perfect website for anybody who wants to find out about this topic.

    You understand a whole lot its almost tough to argue with
    you (not that I personally would want to…HaHa). You certainly put a fresh spin on a topic which has been written about
    for ages. Excellent stuff, just wonderful!

  6. Hey just wanted to give you a quick heads up. The words
    in your content seem to be running off the
    screen in Internet explorer. I’m not sure if this is a formatting issue or
    something to do with browser compatibility but I thought I’d post to let you know.
    The design and style look great though! Hope you get the problem resolved
    soon. Cheers

  7. Howdy, I believe your site might be having internet browser compatibility issues. When I take a look at your site in Safari, it looks fine however when opening in Internet Explorer, it’s got some overlapping issues. I merely wanted to give you a quick heads up! Apart from that, wonderful blog!|

  8. Hi! Quick question that’s entirely off topic. Do you know how to make your site mobile friendly? My web site looks weird when viewing from my apple iphone. I’m trying to find a template or plugin that might be able to fix this issue. If you have any recommendations, please share. Many thanks!|

  9. Admiring the persistence you put into your blog and detailed information you offer. It’s great to come across a blog every once in a while that isn’t the same unwanted rehashed material. Fantastic read! I’ve saved your site and I’m including your RSS feeds to my Google account.|

  10. Hello! This is kind of off topic but I need some advice from an established blog. Is it tough to set up your own blog? I’m not very techincal but I can figure things out pretty quick. I’m thinking about creating my own but I’m not sure where to begin. Do you have any ideas or suggestions? With thanks|

  11. Magnificent beat ! I would like to apprentice at the same time as you amend your site, how can i subscribe for a weblog site? The account aided me a appropriate deal. I had been tiny bit familiar of this your broadcast offered vibrant clear concept|

  12. Hi, I do think this is a great blog. I stumbledupon it 😉 I’m going to return once again since I book marked it. Money and freedom is the greatest way to change, may you be rich and continue to help others.|

  13. I’m really enjoying the design and layout of your site. It’s a very easy on the eyes which makes it much more enjoyable for me to come here and visit more often. Did you hire out a designer to create your theme? Great work!|

  14. Hi there, just became aware of your blog through Google, and found that it is truly informative. I’m going to watch out for brussels. I will be grateful if you continue this in future. Many people will be benefited from your writing. Cheers!|

  15. Thank you for some other informative web site. The place else could I get that kind of info written in such an ideal way? I’ve a project that I’m simply now operating on, and I’ve been at the glance out for such information.|

  16. Very good blog you have here but I was wanting to know if you knew of any discussion boards that cover the same topics discussed here? I’d really like to be a part of group where I can get advice from other experienced individuals that share the same interest. If you have any recommendations, please let me know. Appreciate it!|

  17. After I originally left a comment I appear to have clicked the -Notify me when new comments are added- checkbox and from now on each time a comment is added I recieve four emails with the same comment. There has to be a means you can remove me from that service? Appreciate it!|

  18. I am extremely impressed with your writing skills and also with the layout on your weblog. Is this a paid theme or did you modify it yourself? Either way keep up the nice quality writing, it’s rare to see a nice blog like this one these days.|

  19. People with high intuition are not liked very much, they are secretly admired, but most of the time they are not loved because they do not come to their job, they are also distant to those around them because they know the facts, life for these people is extra difficult and tiring.

  20. People with high intuition are not liked very much, they are secretly admired, but most of the time they are not loved because they do not come to their job, they are also distant to those around them because they know the facts, life for these people is extra difficult and tiring.

  21. Howdy – I must say, I sure am amazed with your site. I had no problem navigating via all the tabs and the information was actually simple to gain access to. I discovered what I required in no time at all. Truly splendid.

  22. Im impressed by the way you embraced this subject. It really is not usually I come across a website with winning articles like yours. I will bookmark your feed to stay up to date along with your upcoming updates.Like it and do preserve up the solid work.

  23. I was checking through the internet for some information since yesterday night and I finally found what i was looking for! This is a magnificent website by the way, although it seems to be a little difficult to see in my android phone.

  24. Have you ever thought about adding a little bit more than just your thoughts? I mean, what you say is important and everything. But its got no punch, no pop! Maybe if you added a pic or two, a video? You could have such a more powerful blog if you let people SEE what youre talking about instead of just reading it.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.