1. Класифікація машин для подрібнення м’яса і шпику

 Похожее изображение

Однією з перших операцій машинної переробки м’яса є подрібнення.

М’ясну сировину можна подрібнювати роздавлюванням, розколюванням, ударом, розривом, розламуванням, стиранням, різанням. Вибір механічного впливу залежить від фізико-механічних властивостей (міцності, пружності, пластичності, в’язкості, липкості й т.д.) і розмірів продукту, що подрібнюється. У технологічному обладнанні подрібнення досягається сполученням декількох видів механічного впливу, наприклад, різання з роздавлюванням, розколювання з ударом (дробарки, силові подрібнювачі, вовчки й ін.), різанням, роздавлюванням зі стиранням (куттери, колоїдні млини, подрібнювачі м’яса й ін.).

Операція подрібнення відрізняється від розбирання м’яса тим, що якщо при розбиранні тушу розрубують чи розпилюють на великі шматки (півтуші, четвертини туші, шматки), то при подрібненні відбувається поділ м’яса на дрібні частини. Так, розмір шматків м’яса може змінюватися від 300 мм до колоїдного розміру (0,001 мм) (таблиця 1).

Машини для подрібнення м’яса і м’ясних продуктів бувають періодичної, безперервної і напівбезперервної дії.

Відповідно до прийнятої класифікації процесу подрібнення (див. табл. 1 та рис. 1) машини для подрібнення м’яса і м’ясопродуктів поділяють на машини для крупного, середнього, дрібного і тонкого подрібнення.

До машин для крупного подрібнення належать машини для відокремлення голів, рогів і кінцівок, розпилювання туш і півтуш, обвалювання м’яса, пластування й зняття шкурки зі шпику.

Таблиця 1 – Класифікація способів подрібнення м’яса

Подрібнення Середній розмір шматка, мм
до подрібнення після подрібнення
крупне

середнє

дрібне

тонке

надтонке (колоїдний розмел)

до 300

до 200

200 …100

10 …2

2 …0,4

до 100

60 … 10

10 …2

2 …0,4

75•10-3 … 1•10-3

Машинами для середнього подрібнення є машини для подрібнення м’якої сировини й сировини, що містить жир, суміші твердої та м’якої сировини, заморожених блоків, для дроблення кісток та нарізування напівфабрикатів і шпику.

До машин для дрібного подрібнення належать машини для подрібнення м’яса і шпика (вовчки, шпигорізки).

Машини для тонкого та надтонкого подрібнення — це машини для подрібнення фаршу (куттери, колоїдні млини).

Основним робочим органом обладнання для подрібнення є ріжучий механізм, який виконаний або одиночною, або парною деталлю. У якості одиночного ріжучого механізму використовують ножі різної конструкції, полотна, або ножі в комбінації з додатковою ріжучою деталлю, виконаною у вигляді решітки (плоскої, конічної або циліндричної), диска із зубами або пальцями, а також ножів, розташованих на конусі, циліндрі або площині. Парні деталі бувають нерухомими або рухомими, що обертаються назустріч, щільно притиснутими до ріжучих ножів, або змонтованими на певній відстані друг від друга. Одиночні ріжучі механізми використовують, в основному, в обладнанні для подрібнення твердої сировини, а механізми з ріжучою парою застосовують для подрібнення м’якої сировини.

Похожее изображение

Рисунок 1 – Класифікація машин для подрібнення

До обладнання для подрібнення м’ясопродуктів висуваються наступні вимоги.

Усі механізми подрібнювачів (рушійні, передатні й робочі) мають бути виконані таким чином, щоб при обробленні сировини максимально забезпечувалися потрібний ступінь подрібнення, збереження споживної цінності та якості продукту й мінімальні втрати сировини.

Подрібнення не повинне супроводжуватися великими зусиллями стиску, що призводить до видавлювання м’ясного соку. Температура подрібненого продукту не повинна бути вищою за допустиму згідно з діючою технологією.

Неприпустиме потрапляння у робочі зони мастил, іржі, окалини та металевих вкраплень від спрацювання деталей.

Деталі, що стикаються з продуктом, варто виготовляти з антикорозійних матеріалів.

Конструкція робочих механізмів має бути зручною при розбиранні й складанні, легкодоступною для санітарного оброблення і видалення залишків сировини чи продукції.

Електродвигуни, пускова апаратура, електропроводка, контрольно-вимірювальні і регулювальні прилади повинні бути у водозахисному чи герметичному виконанні. Електродвигуни й електроапаратура мають бути надійно заземлені.

В наступних розділах ми розглянемо основні машини для подрібнення м’яса та шпику, які використовуються при виробництві ковбасного фаршу: вовчки, шпигорізки, куттери та машини для подрібнення фаршу.

149 Comments

  1. How long are you planning to stay here? fake cytotec prescription “Our findings suggest that people can have earlier bed and wake times, more conducive to their school and work schedules, if they were to increase their exposure to sunlight during the day and decrease their exposure to electrical lighting at night,” Wright said.

  2. Will I have to work shifts? seroquel shop Government-controlled Libyan Post, Telecommunication andInformation Technology Co (LPTIC) owns the country’s two mobileoperators Al Madar and Libyana as well as Libya’s main Internetprovider, with the telecoms sector cut off from foreigncompetition during Muammar Gaddafi’s 42-year rule.

  3. How much were you paid in your last job? tylenol severe sinus dosage “Our disclosures are in line with all relevant reportingrequirements and provide investors with all materialinformation,” said a spokesman for Morgan Stanley. He said thebank provides data on the main drivers of results across itsthree core business lines but does not break down earnings to a”product” level like commodities.

  4. good material thanks strattera at night or morning The course was the real winner on this day — dry as a bone and firm as a snooker table, giving up only four scores in the 60s. Another warm, sunny day along the Forth of Firth had nearby beachgoers frolicking in the surf, like this was Southern California instead of Scotland, but it made things miserable out on a course that is more brown than green.

  5. I’ll call back later avanafil en mexico During his speech, Rouhani said Iran opposes “any change in political systems through foreign intervention.” Iran is a close ally of Syrian President Bashar Assad, whose country remains in the grips of a bloody two-year civil war. Assad’s government has received fighters from the Iranian-backed Hezbollah, helping government forces gain ground in recent weeks.

  6. I can’t hear you very well amoxicillin 500mg buy online uk Sources at the Bank of England on Tuesday drew attention to a section in the official history, containing comments by the chancellor to the House of Commons in June 1939, when he stated that Law Officers had advised him that the British government was precluded by protocols from preventing the BoE from obeying instructions given to it by the BIS to transfer the gold.

  7. I’d like to pay this cheque in, please cosamin ds 60 capsules Overall, Carney said, “A lot more energy and focus was paid by some in Congress as well as in the media on issues that, while important, are not of the highest priority to the American people, and they were not scandals.” The goal should have been what Obama is now emphasizing in a series of speeches around the country – implementing a program “that helps the economy grow and helps the middle class, which he believes should be our primary focus and obsession right now when it comes to domestic policy,” Carney said.

  8. Will I have to work on Saturdays? allmax aminocore canada So far this season the Hurricanes offense has been disappointing despite the wins. The average yardage has gone done and the points scored have gone done significantly as well. They will have a lot of weeks to show that that is just a glitch and that they are worth their ranking.

  9. I’d like to pay this cheque in, please testo force x buy These misdeeds, most counted in single digits, would be grounds for denying discrete disbursements of taxpayer aid. But meting out the equivalent of the death penalty based on such an incomplete picture only serves to underscore the board’s chronic inability to police donations.

  10. My battery’s about to run out minocin 100 mg capsule Goldman Sachs analyst David Kostin said in a note sentSunday night to clients that rising earnings, coupled withstable margins, should lift the S&P 500 by 8 percent toGoldman’s year-end target of 1,750. The index ended at 1,631.89on Friday.

  11. Could I ask who’s calling? get paxil cr She may be vacationing in Miami, but that doesn’t mean LeAnn Rimes is ready to totally disconnect from the world just yet. Looking white hot in a sizzling two-piece that showed off her tattoo, the country crooner chatted away on her cell phone while soaking up some rays on April 6, 2013.

  12. Best Site Good Work prostaglandin e2 fever mechanism Jeter, 39, hasn’t played this season because of a twice-broken left ankle originally suffered in the ALCS last October. He is 1-for-6 with four walks in his first three minor-league appearances, playing five innings at shortstop on Saturday and Monday, while serving as Scranton’s DH on Sunday. “I feel good, so whenever they let me get out of here… But I understand I have to play some games, so we’ll see,” Jeter said. “But as soon as I can, I want to go.”

  13. I’m from England viagra secure online The major attack on a mall that draws tourists, expatriates and Kenya’s wealthy elite risks hammering an already struggling tourism sector in Kenya and could puncture Kenyatta’s plans to champion East Africa’s biggest economy as a sound investment destination.

  14. I’m not interested in football can you take imodium and zantac Yahoo told Microsoft last month that it was delaying thetransition from its Panama search service to Bing in Taiwan andHong Kong because of concerns about Microsoft’s commitment toBing after Chief Executive Officer Steve Ballmer announced hewould be stepping down.

  15. We need someone with qualifications cita previa renovar dni huesca What Bigio and La’O go on to show is how big the impact of this chain reaction is – and here is one of the advantages of using quantitative models as opposed to mere narratives. When a credit crunch occurs in the U.S. economy, its impact is four times bigger than it would be without all the interconnectedness that allows for the specialized firms and products we see around us. The industries that are hardest hit are, unsurprisingly, the ones that serve practically all other industries: manufacturing firms that produce metal products and chemical products, for example, and mining companies.

  16. I’m sorry, she’s price of asacol hd SAFE aids 5,000 clients annually, and, this Tuesday alone, 54 individuals came through SAFE to file civil protection orders, Otero said. Overnight, 17 families, including 48 children, stayed at its shelter, and it responded to 15 calls from police officers.

  17. real beauty page paracetamol 500 mg kruidvat We have teamed up with celebrated cook and kitchenware brand, Pyrex, to offer 1 lucky reader the chance to win a £500 Pyrex prize package. Pyrex has been well known and loved for nearly 100 years and today, more than 75% of British kitchens are home to an item of quality kitchenware from this legendary brand. From the classic collection of glass bowls to the iconic measuring jugs including the new 0.25l size, these items are now synonymous with the British kitchen. The Pyrexperts strive to develop superior quality products which are guaranteed to provide smart solutions for all our cooking needs. From cooking, baking, picnicking and food on the move, the collection has evolved to offer a vast choice of quality products. This year, Pyrex aims to give Britain the full Pyrexperience by explaining the Pyrex difference and how items from the quality product range can enable everyone to achieve the best possible results in the kitchen, every time.

  18. Yes, I love it! glucocil gnc cost The bigoted Rightwing Taliban hates gay people and wants to tell others how to live,think and behave. Todays American Taliban strikes again. They can never live and let live,they think someone died and made them God. They act nothing like Jesus,nothing!

  19. I’d like to send this to urimax f dosage “We were told that on September 30th all mandatory overtime for the review of veteran disability benefits would be going away,” Miller said.  “Now we’re being told that that’s going to be impacted and basically it’s going to slow down their ability to process these claims. So they are double speaking right now. It is not fair to use veterans as a pawn in this situation where everybody is looking for truth and transparency — and we are getting very little of it out of VA or the White House.” 

  20. Could you tell me the dialing code for ? fungsi obat histrine cetirizine hcl “The Impala’s performance is one more indicator of an emerging domestic renaissance,” Jake Fisher, director of Consumer Reports automotive testing, said in a statement. “We’ve seen a number of redesigned American models – including the Chrysler 300, Ford Escape and Fusion  and Jeep Grand Cherokee – deliver world-class performance in our tests.”

  21. Hey just wanted to give you a brief heads up and let you know a few
    of the images aren’t loading properly. I’m not sure why but
    I think its a linking issue. I’ve tried it in two different internet browsers and
    both show the same outcome.

    My webpage: 188bet

  22. M.E.C Mon Electricien Catalan
    44 Rue Henry de Turenne
    66100 Perpignan
    0651212596

    Electricien Perpignan

    Hi, i think that i saw you visited my blog thus i came to return the choose?.I’m trying to in finding things to enhance my site!I
    assume its ok to make use of a few of your concepts!!

  23. Ankara asansörlü nakliyat firmalarinin bir araya geldigi en iyi nakliyat platformu olarak hizmet sunuyoruz. Baskentin güvenilir asansörlü tasimacilik sirketleri siz müsterilerine güvenli ve sorunsuz tasimacilik imkani sagliyorlar. Bizlerin bura ki görevi ise sizlere saglanan hizmetin degerlendirmesini ve kontrolünü yapmaktir. Isinizin tamamlanmasi sonucunda çalismis oldugunuz Ankara asansörlü nakliyat firmasi hakkinda iyi veya kötü müsteri yorumu birakabiliyorsunuz. Sonraki müsterilere yol göstermenin en iyi yolu da budur zaten.

  24. I blog quite often and I seriously thank you for your content. This great article has truly peaked my interest. I’m going to bookmark your blog and keep checking for new information about once per week. I subscribed to your Feed too.|

  25. I blog often and I really thank you for your content. The article has truly peaked my interest. I will take a note of your website and keep checking for new details about once a week. I subscribed to your RSS feed as well.|

  26. I have been browsing online greater than three hours today, but I by no means discovered any interesting article like yours. It’s beautiful worth enough for me. In my view, if all website owners and bloggers made just right content material as you probably did, the net shall be much more helpful than ever before.|

  27. Thank you for any other excellent post. The place else may anyone get that kind of information in such a perfect approach of writing? I have a presentation subsequent week, and I’m on the search for such info.|

  28. Howdy! This post couldn’t be written any better! Reading through this post reminds me of my good old room mate! He always kept chatting about this. I will forward this article to him. Pretty sure he will have a good read. Thanks for sharing!|

  29. Hmm is anyone else encountering problems with the pictures on this blog loading? I’m trying to determine if its a problem on my end or if it’s the blog. Any responses would be greatly appreciated.|

  30. Hello! This is my first comment here so I just wanted to give a quick shout out and say I really enjoy reading through your posts. Can you recommend any other blogs/websites/forums that cover the same topics? Thank you!|

  31. Hey there would you mind letting me know which webhost you’re using? I’ve loaded your blog in 3 different internet browsers and I must say this blog loads a lot quicker then most. Can you suggest a good hosting provider at a honest price? Many thanks, I appreciate it!|

  32. Just desire to say your article is as surprising. The clarity in your post is just excellent and i can assume you are an expert on this subject. Well with your permission let me to grab your RSS feed to keep up to date with forthcoming post. Thanks a million and please continue the rewarding work.|

  33. You’re so interesting! I do not suppose I’ve truly read through something like this before. So nice to discover someone with some genuine thoughts on this subject. Really.. thanks for starting this up. This web site is one thing that is needed on the internet, someone with a bit of originality!|

  34. I believe what you published made a great deal of sense. However, what about this? what if you were to create a awesome post title? I am not suggesting your content isn’t solid., however what if you added a title that makes people want more? I mean BLOG_TITLE is a little plain. You could peek at Yahoo’s front page and see how they write news headlines to get viewers to open the links. You might add a related video or a related pic or two to get people interested about everything’ve got to say. Just my opinion, it would bring your website a little livelier.|

    https://surrogateinsanity.blogspot.com/2013/06/happy-birthday-baby-s.html

  35. I’m amazed, I have to admit. Seldom do I encounter a blog that’s both educative and engaging, and let me tell you, you have hit the nail on the head. The problem is an issue that not enough folks are speaking intelligently about. Now i’m very happy that I stumbled across this during my search for something regarding this.|

  36. I do not know whether it’s just me or if perhaps everyone else encountering problems with your website. It appears as though some of the text in your content are running off the screen. Can someone else please comment and let me know if this is happening to them as well? This could be a problem with my internet browser because I’ve had this happen before. Many thanks|

  37. Hello very cool website!! Guy .. Excellent .. Wonderful .. I’ll bookmark your blog and take the feeds additionally? I am glad to seek out numerous useful info right here in the post, we want develop extra strategies in this regard, thanks for sharing. . . . . .|

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.


*